Carbon Nanotubes in Textile Effluent Treatment (1)

In developing countries like Bangladesh, Srilanka, China, Philippines and Mauritius, the textile sector plays a crucial role in these countries Gross Domestic product [1]. Textile industry generates high amount of wastewater in this region especially due to the fact that there is not much scope of wastewater treatment. Various chemical and large amount of water is used during the whole process, approximately 200L of water is used to produce 1kg of textile [2]. The World Bank estimates that textile dyeing and treatment contribute up to 17-20 percent of total industrial water pollution. As a result, the liquid waste produced by the industry is quite large and contains inorganic and organic compounds [3], some of which are carcinogenic and are threats to environment and human health.

The wastewater coming out of textile industry usually goes through various primary, secondary and tertiary treatment mechanism like flocculation, chemical coagulation, simple sedimentation, aerated lagoons, aerobic activated sludge, trickling filters, reverse osmosis, electro dialysis and others [2]. Suspended solids, most of oil and grease and gritty materials are removed in primary treatment. Secondary treatment involves reduction of BOD, phenol, color control etc. Tertiary treatment is where the remaining wastes are removed. Although these treatment processes remove most of the wastes from water, but they are not always effective in removing all kinds of dyes and trace metals like Cr, As, Cu and Zn [4].

Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) are comparatively new technology and their use have become widespread in catalysis, adsorption, and separation. Due to their large specific surface area, small pore size, hollow and layered structures CNTs have proven to possess great potential as adsorbents for removing organic and inorganic contaminants from textile wastewater.

Classification of Textiles and dyes

Cotton, woolen, and synthetic—are the three main categories of textiles. Also they are referred to as cellulous, protein and synthetic fibers depending upon the used raw materials.

Estimation shows around 107-109 kg of dyes are produced every year worldwide [6]. Fibers, alongside fabrics to be produced determine the type of dye and chemical needs to be used. Chromophores, a group of atoms are the reason why dyes make our world colorful. The intensity is caused by electron withdrawing or donating substituents, called auxochromes [7]. Van der Waals forces, hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions are what causes dyes to get stuck with fibers. When dye and fiber have the opposite charge and create covalent bond, they have been found to be the strongest dye-fiber attachment [8].

Dyes also contain heavy metal like lead (Pb), chromium (Cr), cadmium (Cd) and copper (Cu). The chart below shows common type of dyes used for three different types of fiber [2]:

Table 1: Types of fiber and dyes in textile

Type of fiber Common dyes
Cellulose (Cotton, Rayon, linen, ramie, hemp and lyocell) ·         Reactive (remazol, procion MX and cibacron F)

·         Direct dye (congo red, direct yellow 50 and direct brown 116)

·         naphthol dyes (fast yellow GC, fast scarlet R and fast blue B)

·         indigo dyes (indigo white, tyrian purple and indigo carmine)

Protein (wool, angora, mohair, cashmere and silk) ·         acid dyes (azo dyes, triarylmethane and  anthraquinone dyes)

·         lanaset dyes (Blue 5G and Bordeaux B)

Synthetic (polyster, nylon, spandex, acetate, acrylic, ingeo and polypropylene) ·         dispersed dyes (yellow 218 and navy 35)

·         basic dyes (basic orange 37 and basic red 1)

·         direct dyes (congo red, direct yellow 50 and direct brown 116)

 

Textile wastewater composition and nature

Substantial variations in the COD and BOD, pH, color and salinity characterizes Textile wastewater due to the composition of the dye effluent changing with the textile product [9].  Currently, the dyes are with color-display groups and polar groups within the realm of aromatic and heterocyclic compounds. Their structure is creates difficulty to degrade the printing and dyeing wastewater as they are complex and stable [10].

Usually textile processing include desizing, scouring, bleaching, mercerizing and dyeing processes. First preparation step is sizing, where agents are added to provide strength to the fibers and minimalize breaking. Desizing removes sizing materials, then weaving is done. Impurities from the fibers to breakdown natural oils, fats, waxes and surfactants, by scouring bath. Next step is bleaching where unwanted colors are removed from the fibers. Mercerizing increases dye-ability and fiber appearance. Last but not the least, Dyeing is done to add color to fibers. The whole process requires large volumes of water. Depending on the dyeing process, many chemicals are added to improve dye adsorption onto the fibers.

Table 2: Different steps of textile production and wastewater nature

Process Chemical Composition Wastewater Nature
Sizing Starch, waxes,  Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC), Polyvinyl Alcohol

(PVA), wetting agents.

High in BOD, COD
Desizing Starch, CMC, PVA, fats, waxes, pectin High in BOD, COD, SS, dissolved solids (DS)
Bleaching Sodium Hypochlorite, Cl2, NaOH, H2O2, acids, Surfactants, NaSiO3, Sodium Phosphate, short cotton fiber High alkalinity, high SS
Mercerizing Sodium Hydroxide, cotton wax High pH, low BOD, high DS
Dyeing Dyestuffs Urea, reducing agents, oxidizing agents, Acetic acid, detergents, wetting agents. strongly colored, high BOD, DS, low SS, heavy metals
Printing Pastes, urea, starches, gums, oils, binders, acids, Thickeners, cross-linkers, reducing agents, alkali Highly colored, high BOD Oily, appearance, SS, slightly alkaline

 

Table 3: Characteristics of Textile Effluent and Standards

Parameter Textile effluent [2] EPA [11]
pH 6-10 6.0—9.0
COD (mg/L) 150-12000 150
Total BOD (mg/L) 80-60000 15
TDS (mg/L) 8000-12000 1500
Oil and grease (ppm) 10-30 10
Sulfate (ppm) 600-1000 0.5
Phenol (ppm) <5 0.5

 

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An evening in Starbucks

The vent air felt cold.

It was a round table on which my laptop resided, me right straight looking at the wall, seated on one of the three chairs. With no coffee, snacks, drinks or food. For one reason, I was full.

And yet I did not feel pressured, to order, eat and leave—quite common in many places I have been. But, not in Starbucks.

I came to know the young lady in wheelchair right behind me from the last two encounters. She comes to Starbucks like many others to enjoy a cup of coffee and a book of their interest, spending hours. The man next to her was almost asleep, the couple in front of him was giggling and sipping their coffee. The guy on my right was reading about history, medieval I recon.

Many are known faces, some are random. And they became known faces through Starbucks. I remember once playing board game in there for 4 hours.

It shows the color of USA, I mean how colorful this country is. Just right now, a Chinese couple came and asked for the chairs with my table.

Well, enough of looking at the people. It’s time to order some drinks. The blog did sound like a start, but the ending may not be that exciting. Or…

Maybe next time when I am in Starbucks I will right about the drinks and what I think of them.

Why IPL and J-PAL studies make sense

748/8 just came to read this article on washington post. The first thing I did, I smiled. The thing I have been telling people for the last 8 years has at last been published as a research.

Micro-finance sucks, unless you go to a model village of it (Yes, when you visit Bangladesh with Grameen bank, you will be taken there. You will see a documentary claiming 95% success rate). The eye-witnesses are usually delighted, excited, hyped and go back to their country to their job or get a job that often does not related in any means to micro-finance.

Does Micro-finance alleviate poverty? Not necessarily, not as much they claim
Does Micro-finance alleviate poverty? Not necessarily, not as much they claim

My uncle used to work for Grameen Bank—the banker of the poor. Once I had the chance to visit his place of work, which was Natore. I remember some of his words about not liking the job. It breaks heart to be rude to loan takers and he felt that quite often. He left the job after 10 years of service.

Two most acclaimed things about micro-finance: 1) It works. 2) Success rate is high. I beg to differ.

It does not work for some countries, that is already proven, countries like Mexico, Philippines. Two years ago, during TEDGlobal conference I met some of south american social workers who were furious about micro-finance. Why? Mainly because of the reasons the Washington Post article describes. High interest rate with people’s tendency not to give the loan. And it is impossible to impose such things by law on people in South America.

What about Bangladesh, the birth place of Modern-Micro-finance. 1970 to 2015, how much poverty has been alleviated? I tried to find out what the Grameen Bank meant by poverty line. Nothing came out on that. What is meant by poverty line by Grameen Bank?

The next in point, like any other Bank Grameen is financed by Government of Bangladesh ( At present the Bank’s authorized capital is Tk. 10,000 million (increased in current year from Tk. 3,500 million) and paid-up capital is Tk. 734.05 million. Members who are also borrowers hold 79.57 percent of Grameen Bank shares. The remaining 20.43 percent is held by the Government of Bangladesh, Sonali Bank Ltd. and Bangladesh Krishi Bank). And it does need to comply with Bangladesh Bank (central bank of Bangladesh) rules and regulation. Muhammad Yunus did hold his position even being the laws pretty well by himself.

The Grameen bank 16 decisions contain some points which I take as hilarious. For example decision 3 says, ” We shall not live in dilapidated houses. We shall repair our houses and work towards constructing new houses at the earliest.” Firsthand witnesses have seen loan collectors take the roof, cows or any other valuable things from borrower when they fail to pay interest.  Some other account of such incident can be found here.

Grameen Bank also claims that 50 million people has risen out of poverty because of their effort. Cool, lets take it granted. Grameen bank is operational for almost 40 years. right now, poverty rate is around 30-35% in Bangladesh. 50 million is 1/3 of the total population. Now, of that one third, yes of that one third the voices coming out should be much louder than it seems. What happens afterwards? You are out of poverty, and then you live in constant condition?

I had a simple logic before. I still have it. If suppose, Grameen Bank is successful in its cause, there should be no poverty at all in Bangladesh and as a result we will not be in-need of the bank, because it does business with poverty. If no poverty, no business.

Lastly, I know it may sound personal— when you see a person who works with the poor and talks of getting rid of their poverty, but rides one of the luxurious cars in Dhaka, you do tend to question. When you hear employees are not paid well enough and the employee turn-over rate is high, you do need to ask questions. World media may try to put it in a political agenda, but what is right will remain right, no matter who the person is. Getting a Nobel does not mean you are above all laws and regulation. It makes you more responsible as people do look up on you for examples.

[Two recommended articles to read are in link 1 and 2, but there are in Bengali]

আমরিকা, ওপিটি ও এইচওয়ানবি

সবাই পিএইচডি মাস্টার্স করতে আমেরিকা আসতে চায়। কিন্তু অনেক ক্ষেত্রেই যেকথাগুলো বলা হয় না, তা হচ্ছে শিক্ষা পরবর্তী চাকরীর কথা। চাকুরীর বাজার নিয়ে যদিও প্রশ্ন করা হয়। কিন্তু ইমিগ্রান্ট হিসেবে চাকুরি পাওয়ার সম্ভাব্যতা এবং এ সংক্রান্ত নিয়ম কানুন নিয়ে তেমন কিছু চোখে পড়েনি। মোটামুটি অধিকাংশ বাংলাদেশি  F-1 ভিসায় যুক্তরাষ্ট্রে আসে, যা হচ্ছে ছাত্রত্ত ভিসা। F-1 ছাড়াও রয়েছে J-1, এক্সচেঞ্জ প্রোগ্রামে আসা ছাত্র ছাত্রীরা। বলে রাখি, F-2 ভিসায় চাকুরি করা না গেলেও, J-2 ভিসায় কাজ করা যায়। প্রতি বছর যুক্তরাষ্ট্র ৬৫ হাজার ইমিগ্রান্টকে চাকুরিতে নেয় লটারির মাধ্যমে। তবে এর মধ্যে ১০,০০০ বাদ দিয়ে রাখা ভাল, সিঙ্গাপুর আর চিলির সাথে বাণিজ্য সংক্রান্ত চুক্তি আছে, সেটার আওতায় কয়েক হাজার অভিবাসীকে চাকরিতে নেওয়া হয়। সাথে আরও ২০ হার জনের কোটা মাস্টার্স ছাত্রদের জন্য। এই ৮৫ হাজার হচ্ছে ফর প্রফিট বা মুনাফার জন্য কাজ করে এমন প্রতিষ্ঠান এবং সংস্থার জন্য।

নট ফর প্রফিট বা নন-প্রফিট গ্রুপের জন্য কোন কোটা নেই ( এর মধ্যে NGO University ইত্যাদি রয়েছে)। এখানে বলে রাখি, প্রতিষ্ঠান আপনার হয়ে কর্মসংস্থান ভিসার আপিল করবে। for- profit প্রতিষ্ঠানসমূহের আপিলের সময় ১ এপ্রিল সশুরু হয়। কিন্তু প্রথম সপ্তাহে মোটামুটি সব কাজ শেষ করে সবাই, ২০০৮ সালে ৫ দিনের জন্য আবেদনপত্র নেওয়া হয়েছিল। ইমিগ্রেশনে যুক্ত আইনজীবীরা সাধারণত এপ্রিলের প্রথম সপ্তাহের মধ্যে আপিল করার পরামর্শ  দিয়ে থাকে।  নন- প্রফিট এর জন্য কোন নির্ধারিত সময় নেই।  যেকোনো সময় আপিল করা যায়, এক মাত্র কোম্পানি বা প্রতিষ্ঠান তা করতে পারে।  লটারির ফলাফল দিতে প্রায় অক্টোবর মাস পর্যন্ত সময় লাগে। এবং নিয়োগের সম্পূর্ণ  কাজ শেষ করতে সেপ্টেম্বর পর্যন্ত সময় লাগে। ১লা অক্টোবরের আগে কর্মসংস্থান ভিসায় কাজ করা যায় না।

কোম্পানি চাইলেই যে লটারিতে যাবে তা নয়। কোম্পানিকে নিম্নলিখিত জিনিসের ব্যবস্থা করতে হবে –

১। প্রথমে দেখাতে হবে আপনার যোগ্যতা সম্পন্ন লোক যুক্তরাষ্ট্রে নেই।

২। সকল ফর্ম কোম্পানি কর্তৃক পূরণ ও দাখিল করতে হবে।

৩। মাস্টার্স বা ব্যাচেলর পর্যায়ের চাকুরিতে পিএইচডি যোগ্যতাসম্পন্ন কাউকে নিয়োগ দেওয়া যাবে না।

৪। পুরো প্রস্তুতিতে কোম্পানিকে প্রায় ২৫০০ ডলার খরচ করতে হবে।

আরও জানতে পারবেন লিঙ্ক এক এবং দুইতে

এখন সমস্যা সমূহের কথা বলা যাক। প্রথমত  প্রতিষ্ঠান চাইলেই আপনাকে নিতে পারবে না। পুরো বিষয়টির পূর্বে প্রস্তুতির ব্যাপার আসে। বড় কোম্পানি ( উদাহরণ ইন্টেল) হলে ভিন্ন কথা, বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়য়ের কোন নিয়োগ হলে অন্য কথা।  ছোট কোম্পানিগুলো এজন্য অনেকক্ষেত্রে নিয়োগ দিতে চায় না।

দ্বিতীয় চাকরি না পেলে কি করবেন? যদি দেশে চলে যেতে না চান তবে ওপিটি (optional practical training) এর আওতায় ১২ মাস (স্টেম বিষয়ের ক্ষেত্রে ২৯ মাস) কাজ করার সুযোগ রয়েছে। পাস করার ন্যূনতম দুই মাস আগে এর জন্য আবেদন করতে বলা হয়।

এখানে একটা বিষয় মাথায় রাখা দরকার। ওটিপি এমন সময়ে শেষ করার উচিত যাতে তা কোনভাবে অক্টোবরের আগে না হয়। কারণ আপনি এইচওয়ানবি ভিসায় কাজ করতে পারবেন ১লা অক্টোবর থেকে।

পরের সমস্যা আপনাকে নিয়োগের সময় নিয়োগকর্তাকে দেখাতে হবে সেই পদে নিয়োগ দেবার জন্য ন্যূনতম যোগ্যতাসম্পন্ন কেউ নেই। পরের বিষয় মাস্টার্স পাস করা কোন পদের জন্য পিএইচডি লাভকারী কাউকে নেওয়া যাবে না।

timeline

ওপিটি এর কথায় একটু আসা যাক। ওপিটিতে থাকা অবস্থায় চাকুরি থাকতে হবে এমন কোন কথা নেই। ১২ মাস অথবা ২৯ যেকোন ক্ষেত্রেই মোট ৬০ দিন বেকার থাকা যাবে। এটা সর্বমোট হিসাব। যদি চাকরি না পান তবে সেক্ষেত্রে আপনি চাকরির চেষ্টা করছে সে সংক্রান্ত কাগজ সাথে রাখতে হবে (ঊদাহরণঃ চাকরির আবেদন, ইন্টারভিউ এর ইমেল ইত্যাদি)। ওপিটি মূলত দুই ধরনের পড়ালেখা করা অবস্থায় এবং পাস করার পরবর্তী সময়ে। কিন্তু মোট সময় হিসাব হবে সবসময় ১২ বা ২৯ মাস। সাময়িক বা পার্টটাইম হলে সময় অর্ধেক হিসাব করা হয় অর্থাৎ যদি পার্টটাইম ৪ মাস হয় তবে দুই মাস হিসাব করা হবে। নাকি থাকবে ১২ মাস। এই দুই মাস পাস করার আগে হোক আর পরে হোক মূল ওপিটি থেকে বাদ যাবে যা কিনা ১২ মাস বা ২৯ মাস।

ওপিটি নিয়ে বিস্তারিত জানতে চাইলে লিঙ্ক এক, দুই, তিনচারে ক্লিক করতে পারেন।

এইচওয়ানবি ভিসাতে কোটার আবার বিভিন্ন ক্যাটেগরী আছে, তা ব্যাখ্যা পরবর্তীতে করবো আপাতত লিঙ্ক দিয়ে রাখছি। এই লিঙ্কে পাওয়া যাবে যুক্তরাষ্ট্র সরকার কর্তৃক প্রকাশিত মাসিক ভিসা বুলেটিন। এছাড়াও এইচওয়ানবি সম্পর্কিত সরকারি ওয়েবসাইটে অন্যান্য তথ্য পাবেন।

non profit থেকে profit, profit থেকে non-profit ভিসায় যাবার ঝামেলা রয়েছে। সেসম্পর্কে বিস্তারিত অন্য একদিন। এই পোস্টটি আগামী সপ্তাহে সম্পাদনা করা হবে।

USC Concert Choir: Christmas concert 2014

Not every year, I spend my December out of country. In fact this is the only time, I am out of Bangladesh.

Columbia, is a college town, but is full of warmhearted people. I have made many friends within my short time, who have actually made this place enjoyable. I went to enjoy the choir with some of them.

This is kind of tradition. Every year, USC music school performs Christmas concerts and this year, they started with first Presbyterian Church.

First Presbyterian Church

The programme covered music from Renaissance, Baroque, Classic and the romantic period. For me, Randall thompson’s ‘Aleeluia” is a choral classic which was the second piece familiar to me, after Ave Maria. Coincidentally, ‘The Newsroom’ series used the piece for one of their third season episode, which I watched couple of days back.

The choir

Here is one Christmas choir recorded from the programme.

How to apply for a Russian visa in the United States: Here are the details

So, I am in the United States and trying to get a Russian Visa! Plus I am not American!

Well, it is tough to get Russian visa, especially when you are somewhere like from Bangladesh. So here is the process one has to go through.

Photo of Russian Visa Courtesy: Moscow-Driver.com

Russians have quite easy system of giving visa, I would say. You send all your documents to designated agencies which will process your document and send you back the passport with a visa or without it. Not all agencies deal with foreigners living in United States. Also, you have to be holder of certain visa category to get a visa. You need to show your reason of going to Russia plus your proper documents in United States.

I found ILS-USA which provided a great service. I called them at the beginning (you can find all their number here). They have 5 branches in the places where their is Russian Consulates. Please do check under which consulate your state falls.

Depending of nationality, the fee will vary. Also, if it is an expedite service, the fee will increase. They will charge 103 dollars for returning you your passport, you do not need to go to the embassy, unless they call you for an interview. Here are the details of the documents needed. Also, you need to fill up the visa application form which is quite easy. Here is the link. Also, They only excepts Money Order or Cashier’s Check.

Hope That helps

Jobs: Traits to be successful

It’s not easy to be successful. Especially in a time, when jobs are thin, graduates are thick (In number of course!). So what’s the ultimate thing you need to be successful? To me-it’s not only one thing that is the ultimate.

But first you need to define success. And the definition should be set by the person him/herself. We make our limits, limits that we want to break, limits that we can break. So, setup your own set of rules, limits-to be successful, to be motivated. Also do not get frustrated cause at the end of the day, you are human.

Work_life_balance_rat_race

Honesty matters, more than success. Often you will find people who failed to do certain things but due to being honest they became successful, and they were rewarded.

Looking back where I was, and where I am right now, I can say to myself I am successful in getting my own goals. It’s not always easy because not everything depends on me. There are factors that we cant control. But we can control our motivation and frustration. We can decide when to be frustrated and when to be not.

When I became a graduate, I had tough time. Deciding what I wanted to do. Job market was hard. Then again, I wanted to continue studying. And I did both. One I did from necessity and one from motivation.

There were days I could have easily been frustrated. Failing in classes, feeling tired after a long day at work yet needed to attend class in the evening, even had rough days at work. But I was never frustrated because I knew I can work and I wanted to study. So I kept trying.

About jobs, it takes time to understand what you really want to do and what you do not want to do. One may dream to do something, but unless you are not actually doing it, you can never really be sure that you will like it. It’s immensely important that you find pleasure in what you do.

I worked hard, a thing that my employers often took as a quality though I left jobs often. I left jobs when the terms written in paper and the terms in actual were different. I can remember in one place the work hours were 9am-6pm. But most days it went till 10pm. I would have not felt bad if I liked the job. I did not after a certain time. Also I tried to pretend I liked it. At the end, it did not work out well for both parties.

Understanding yourself is important. What you expect from the job and what you are willing to sell. You are selling your skill, or your sweat and you need to be good at it. So, being honest about it is not often people will suggest, but I would say that’s the best thing to do.

Be good at at least one thing. Know the basic communication style, try to overcome any difficulties you face with technologies. Be good at basics. Go for online courses. They are free, short and effective. For example: The online learning company Webucator offers a free class of Microsoft training once a month. In the next 10 years, technology dependencies will increase exponentially, and skilled techy people will be given priority. Choose a software and become good at it, it never have to be related to your academic background.

Try to be multidisciplinary. You never know what comes handy. After graduation, I got chance in a Business School to do MBA and in a social science school to do a MSS. Though, MBA looked good on my resume, I chose MSS in Development Studies which opened interdisciplinary opportunities for me.

Try to get involve in clubs and societies. It grows leadership skills and builds networks. I find people in the top positions often referring to people who they met in college or in university level through clubs. Those experiences have changed them and others.  Developing communication skill is a must for people willing to shine in their respective job.

All together, a positive, passionate, communicative and open minded person is more acceptable to people who hire in work places. The reason being they can trust you with any kind of responsibility knowing that you can carry that out effectively. 

USA: what’s missing?

Have you ever understood the concept of mass consumerism?

If not the best place to understand it is-USA. Why? Cause it constantly provokes you to spend money and waste. And people do not mind at all. 

The concept of health care is so much vague for me here. Talking with one of the bank manager’s here was more eye opener. He said, “You pay hell lot of money for Health Insurance, and at the end can’t get a serial when you need it.” He added, “You spend money to control the homeless, for police for protection. Yet you can’t spend for the poor.” I asked a bit about banking system, “Well, they are still making money. It’s just maybe not the way they want, that’s why the job cuts.”

I have never held a phone for 18 minutes in Bangladesh. Not even for government offices. Here, I did so. Automated services are not the thing for a newbie, specially when you need direct assistance. And then they reply, “Please hold as our service provider is currently not available.” I used to complain about Bangladesh.

I was invited for an event. And I asked the receptionist of the place, where this event is taking place. She replied, “Gee, I don’t know. You can look around and ask others.”

Transportation system is a mess in North America. I want to go to the nearest, say walmart. the car shows easy 15 minutes drive. And then when I change the icon to public transport. It’s around 20 minutes walk, 20 minutes of bus and 20 minutes of walk!

Maybe I am complaining too much. Maybe, but who is responsible here for what—is a good question now for me in the USA. 

 

Interseliger 2014: A lively gathering of 4000 people including 800 International participants

I have never camped before, not with 4000 people together!

This week has been amazing as I have been traveling inside the Russia. This year, I have been invited along with 800 international participants to be part of interseliger 2014, an event going on for the last 5 years. From Bangladesh there are 4 invitees, of which 3 came to the place. 

The atmosphere is incredible, though it is a lot hot than I expected. For 6 days, international participants will learn about Russian culture, their ways and other educational forms. 

The first day was insightful as AIESEC president Vinicius Tsugue and UN youth Envoy  Ahmad Alhendawi talked came to share their enthusiasm and joy. There was a global village organized by the OCs where different countries presented their culture. 

In the second day, I chose PR and media for Lecture and it was a good one as you can see. 

I will try to keep posting,as the rules are stricts about class and time for shower, eating, charging devices is limited. 

Online Birth Registration Process for Dhaka (Bangladesh) City Corporation (South)

I first came to know about the online birth registration process couple of months back. I wanted to make it online but due to time limitation and work pressure, could not go through the process until last week.

Dhaka South City Corporation Photo: PRS
Dhaka South City Corporation Photo: PRS

I called Dhaka City Corporation (South) as I was born within this side of the town. They provided me the details of where to go and whom to contact (And they were prompt), they did ask few questions like where I was born to pinpoint under which jurisdiction my place of birth fell. There is a complete list of areas and zonal office in the website. You can also get it here, Dhaka city zonal office.

I, along with my classmate went there last Wednesday. On the 7th floor, Rafiqul Islam, Birth and Death Reg. Asstt. work at room 813 and is responsible to put it online. It took around 10 minutes to complete the application process as I had a copy of my birth certificate with me. To register online, I just needed to give a copy of that and pay a fee of 250 taka, a receipt copy is provided.

I got new registration number and a certificate next day. I came back home to verify online my birth registration. I found out that there were spelling errors in the Bengali profile. What happened was that my previous birth certificate only contained my profile in English. So, I called them and they ensured me that I can go anytime to correct the errors as I just did the registration, no extra fees will be needed. I just need a valid document which contains my profile in Bengali (National Identification card). Also, you need to provide proper documents to change any of the information of the already registered birth certificate.

Now, many would like to ask why it is important to do birth registration online? This is an initiative taken by Government of Bangladesh and UNICEF to make an one point entry of birth registration. It has also the option to verify anyone’s identity online. Other than that, the birth registration process itself can help you to do the following things using Birth Registration Card:

  1. Passport Issue
  2. Voter Registration
  3. Marriage Registration
  4. In the process of getting a public and private job
  5. Driver’s License Registration
  6. Registration of Land
  7. To get registered as a voter
  8. Getting admitted into an educational institute
  9. To open a bank account
  10. License for Export and Import
  11. Getting a Tax Identification number
  12. Getting a license to become a contractor
  13. To register a vehicle
  14. To get Gas, water and electricity lines
  15. To get approval of a building design
  16. To get a trade license
  17. To get a national ID

The overall process has become remarkably smooth considering what we usually hear about DCC services. I was more than satisfied. Few things I noticed and noted:

  1. The website is often down, not accessible. I did talk with few high officials and they said it happens due to high volume of users but having a low bandwidth.
  2. The number of registered people shown in the website is not accurate. Reason is during the preliminary stage of the project, the people who carried out survey at villages to register people, did not get the information properly.
  3. This is an observation. I saw a notice outside of the lift of the City Corporation Building stating that if the person in-charge of the  lift is not present at his duty place to call a number. There was none in place, and nobody bothered to call. This shows that the user end does have the problem of awareness of the initiatives that are taken by authorities to provide better services.

As the website states, this year’s theme of Birth Registration day is “As you are born once, your registration should be once as well”. I believe we need to focus on the loophole I mentioned above. Also people should be made aware of the online service more, it will ensure the overall effectiveness of the process.